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The key aims of the BPD are to establish a single European market in biocidal products while ensuring a high level of protection for people and the environment. Consequently the aim of BPD is to ensure that biocidal products pose no unacceptable risks to humans, animals or the environment.
Biocidal Product Directive (BPD) applies to any biocidal product, not just those used in the food industry. An early example of the influence of BPD is that it is no longer possible to buy creosote for treating garden fences.
This enables manufacturers, suppliers or formulators, to market active substances and biocidal products throughout the European Union in the knowledge that, ultimately, the controls in place are the same in every Member State.
BPD achieves its aims using a two-stage regime of rigorous evaluation of biocidal active substances and then formulated products.
For active substances; manufacturers are required to submit an evaluation dossier that gives evidence to show:-
· The active substance does not pose unacceptable risks to humans or animals.
· The active substance does not pose unacceptable risks to the environment.
· The active substance is effective as a biocide.
The cost of producing these dossiers is very high, as a result some active substances became commercially non viable and hence have been withdrawn.
When the dossier has been accepted across all EU member states, the active substance is formally listed on Annex 1, 1A or 1B of the BPD and can subsequently be considered for use in a biocidal product.
For biocidal products; manufactures are required to submit simpler dossiers, but can use data available from the actives dossier. However the considerations of harm to animals, humans and the environment are very specifically directed to the use application. Dossiers are in theory required in every member state in which a product will be sold, but there are arrangements for mutual recognition.
The Biocidal Products Directive 98/8/EC (BPD) and the Biocidal Product Regulations (BPR).
In the UK the competent authority is the HSE.